Circuit Active High Pass Filter Using LM741 Schematic Diagrams

Circuit Active High Pass Filter Using LM741 schematics Circuit Electronics, This is active high pass filter circuit for 327Hz frequency using LM741. It will use to build Harmonic at 3 of 130.81 frequency have the value at least. More than the frequency Fundamental 30 dB, for output be sawtooth wave form for use in sound of music way system Electronic design will use the circuit filters three rank frequency. By have 3 dB you slopes can use Op-amp IC number LM741 or number LF351it will meet the frequency well.

Circuit diagram:Active high pass filter circuit using LM741
Active High Pass Filter Circuit diagram

Schematics for Active High Pass Filter Using LM741 Circuit Electronics
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Circuit Remote Operated Home Appliances Circuit Schematic Diagrams

Circuit Remote Operated Home Appliances Circuit schematics Circuit Electronics,
Here is the circuit diagram of Remote Operated Home Appliances or Remote controlled Home appliances. Connect this circuit to any of your home appliances (lamp, fan, radio, etc) to make the appliance turn on/off from a TV, VCD, VCR, Air Conditioner or DVD remote control. The circuit can be activated from up to 10 meters. It is very easy to build and can be assembled on a veroboard or a general-purpose pcb.


Parts:

R1 = 220K
R2 = 330R
R3 = 1K
R4 = 330R
R5 = 47R
C1 = 100uF-16V
C2 = 100nF-63V
C3 = 470uF-16V
D1 = 1N4007
D2 = Red LED
D3 = Green LED
Q1 = BC558
Q2 = BC548
IR = TSOP1738
IC1 = CD4017
RL1 = Relay 5V DC


Circuit Operation:

The 38kHz infrared rays generated by the remote control are received by IR receiver module TSOP1738 of the circuit. Pin 1 of TSOP1738 is connected to ground, pin 2 is connected to the power supply through R5 and the output is taken from pin 3. The output signal is amplified by Q1. The amplified signal is fed to clock pin 14 of decade counter IC CD4017 (IC1). Pin 8 of IC1 is grounded, pin 16 is connected to vcc and pin 3 is connected to D2 (Red LED), which glows to indicate that the appliance is ‘off.’

The output of IC1 is taken from its pin 2. D3 connected to pin 2 is used to indicate the ‘on’ state of the appliance. Q2 connected to pin 2 of IC1 drives relay RL1. D1 acts as a freewheeling diode. The appliance to be controlled is connected between the pole of the relay and neutral terminal of mains. It gets connected to live terminal of AC mains via normally opened (N/O) contact when the relay energizes. If you want to operate a DC 12 volt relay then use a regulated DC 12 volt power supply for DC 12 volt Relay and remember that the circuit voltage not be exceeded more than DC 5 volts

Schematics for Remote Operated Home Appliances Circuit Circuit Electronics
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Circuit Beam-break Detector For Camera Shutter or Flash Control Schematic Diagrams

Circuit Beam-break Detector For Camera Shutter or Flash control schematics Circuit Electronics,
This circuit is presented as an alternative to the IR beam break detector featured in the June 2009 issue (Silicon Chip). In order to make it relatively insensitive to ambient light, it uses a standard IR receiver IC such as the Jaycar ZD-1942. This has a high output (+5V) as long as a modulated beam is detected.

The IR detector (IC3) controls an LM­7555 CMOS timer (IC2) which operates in mono­stable mode. When the beam is broken, IC2 is triggered and its pin 3 output goes high for about half a second. This extinguishes LED1 and turns on transistor Q1 to drive a 5V low-power relay.

The circuit is powered from six AA cells and a 78L05 5V regulator (necessary for the receiver IC). The IR transmitter is also built around an LM7555 (IC1), this time operating in astable mode at low duty cycle. Its frequency is set to 38kHz with trimpot VR1. The IR diode was salvaged from a defunct remote control but these are readily available new. The transmitter is powered by four AA cells.

The system has a range of several metres and while it is insensitive to the transmitter alignment, the detection window can be narrowed by placing the detector near to the object to be detected and/or using some form of baffle to restrict the window.



Schematics for Beam-break Detector For Camera Shutter or Flash control Circuit Electronics
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Circuit Long-Range IR Transmitter Schematic Diagrams

Circuit Long-Range IR Transmitter schematics Circuit Electronics,
Most of the IR remotes work reliably within a range of 5 metres. The circuit complexity increases if you design the IR transmitter for reliable operation over a longer range, say, 10 metres. To double the range from 5 metres to 10 metres, you need to increase the transmitted power four times. If you wish to real i se a highly directional IR beam (very narrow beam), you can suitably use an IR laser pointer as the IR signal source.

The laser pointer is readily available in the market. However, with a very narrow beam from the laser pointer, you have to take extra care, lest a small jerk to the gadget may change the beam orientation and cause loss of contact. Here is a simple circuit that will give you a pretty long range. It uses three infrared transmitting LEDs (IR1 through IR3) in series to increase the radiated power.

Further, to increase the directivity and so also the power density, you may assemble the IR LEDs inside the reflector of a torch. For increasing the circuit efficiency, a MOSFET (BS170) has been used, which acts as a switch and thus reif a transistor were used. To avoid any dip during its ‘on’/‘off’ operations, a 100µF reservoir capacitor C2 is used across the battery supply. Its advantage will be more obvious when the IR transmitter is powered by ordinary batteries.


Capacitor C2 supplies extra charge during ‘switching on’ operations. As the MOSFET exhibits large capacitance across gate-source terminals, a special drive arrangement has been made using npn-pnp Darl ington pair of BC547 and BC557 (as emitter followers), to avoid distortion of the gate drive input. Data (CMOS-compatible) to be transmitted is used for modulating the 38 kHz frequency generated by CD4047 (IC1). However, in the circuit shown here, tactile switch S1 has been used for modulating and transmitting the IR signal.

Assemble the circuit on a general-purpose pcb. Use switch S2 for power ‘on’/‘off’ control. Commercially available IR receiver modules (e.g., TSOP1738) could be used for efficient reception of the transmitted IR signals.

Schematics for Long-Range IR Transmitter Circuit Electronics
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Circuit Infrared Remote Receiver Has Four Outputs Schematic Diagrams

Circuit Infrared Remote Receiver Has Four Outputs schematics Circuit Electronics,
This circuit enables any infrared (IR) remote control to control the outputs of a 4017 decade counter. It's quite simple really and uses a 3-terminal IR receiver (IRD1) to pick up infrared signals from the transmitter. IRD1's output is then coupled to NPN transistor Q1 via a 220nF capacitor. Transistor Q1 functions as a common-emitter amplifier with a gain of about 20, as set by the ratio of its 10kO collector resistor to its 470O emitter resistor. Q1 in turn triggers IC1, a 4047 monostable which in turn clocks a 4017 decade counter (IC2).


Basically, IC1 provides a clock pulse to IC2 each time a remote control button is pressed. If you don't wish to use all 10 outputs from IC2, simply connect the first unused output to pin 15 (MR). In this case, only the first four outputs (O0-O3) of the counter are used and so the O4 output is connected to pin 15 to reset the counter on the fifth button press. Power for the circuit is derived from the mains via a transformer and bridge rectifier which produces about 15-27V DC. This is then fed to 3-terminal regulators REG1 REG2 to derive +12V and +5V supply rails.

Schematics for Infrared Remote Receiver Has Four Outputs Circuit Electronics
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